What are NCC Reference Building requirements?
NCC Reference building is a building that has the same geometry of the clients proposed building but for the sake of energy efficiency modelling, NCC requires you to modify it as per below:
Reference Building roof
The Proposed Building can have a roof of any shape and material. However, NCC requires you to compare it to a standard roof that most average Australian houses have. Therefore, the NCC Reference Building should have a roof at 23 degrees with a solar heat absorptance value of 0.6.
Reference Building ceiling
The Proposed Building can have a ceiling with any height or a sloped cathedral ceiling for that matter. However, NCC requires you to compare it to a minimum ceiling height of 2.4m for a habitable room. This ceiling must also be flat to the exclusion of any cathedral ceiling.
Reference Building ground floor
The Proposed Building can have a suspended floor above ground floor level. However, NCC requires you to compare it to a building having a concrete slab on ground. Ground temperature fluctuation is lower than the ambient weather and relatively closer to the temperatures where people feel comfortable. This temperature stability together with a higher concrete thermal mass is the reason why NCC requires a comparison between Proposed Building and Reference Building having a concrete slab on ground.
Reference Building roof lights
The Proposed Building can have any number of roof lights. However, NCC requires you to compare it to a building having no roof lights. NCC Vol 2.0 Part 3.8.4 allows roof lights for habitable rooms with no or minimum means of daylighting. As roof lights add to the building cooling demand, NCC requires Proposed Buildings to have minimum to no roof lights.